高考英语:短文改错的改错切入点1

2017-12-13 11:08 高考复习 手机版
  多一介词或副词

  ① 有些动词在汉语中是不及物动词,在英语中是及物动词,可能多一个介词。如:serve for the people, follow after him, play with her in a match, marry with her, engage with her

  ② 有些动词可作及物动词,也可作不及物动词,但搭配不同,可能混淆而多一个介词。如:join in the game, 但 join in the club; pay for a TV set, 但 pay for three dollars; search for the map, 但 search for the thief for his watch

  ③ 有些“动词 + 介词”形式的动词后面没有宾语时,后面的介词是多余的。如:

  He looked at but could see nothing.

  How are you getting on with?

  ④ 有些动词、名词、形容词后接名词或代词时须加一个介词,但接that从句时,必须去掉介词。如:agree to it, 但 agree to that...; be sure of it, 但be sure of that…; be sorry for it, 但 be sorry for that…

  ⑤ 有些副词或介词词组后加一个介词,组成了复合介词,若后面没有接宾语时,最后的介词则是多余的。如:

  If you won’t go, I’ll go instead of.

  He walked out of.

  ⑥ 有些连词后加 of 成为复合介词,如果后接从句,of 是多余的。如:Because of he was ill…

  ⑦ 地点副词的意义中已经包含了介词 to,如果再用 to则是多余的。如:on my way to there, get to home, go to upstairs, return to home

  ⑧ last year, next month, this week, one day等名词词组直接充当时间状语,前面用介词是多余的。

  ⑨ 有些动词受汉语意思影响而多一副词,如:stop down(停下来), raise up (举起来), return back(归来,回来), repeat again (复述)

  ⑩ 有些动词在一种用法中要加副词,而在另一种用法中加副词则是多余的。
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