“一步登天”的高考英语五大阅读考点

2014-08-31 13:21 高考复习 手机版

在多年的教学过程中时常有同学问我:“老师,阅读有没有一步登天的技巧?使我只读文章的一部分和提干就能选择出正确的答案?”我说:“有。”同学接着问:“那阅读有没有一步登天的技巧?使我不读文章只读提干及选项就能选择出正确的答案?” 我说:“有。”这些同学两眼冒着绿光,接着问:“那阅读有没有一步登天的技巧?使我不读文章不读提干只读选项就能选择出正确的答案?” 我说:“有。”这些同学当时就崩溃了,用注视着外星人的眼光注视着我,用极其贪婪的语调接着问:“那阅读有没有一步登天的技巧?使我不读文章不读提干不读选项就能选择出正确的答案?” 我说:“一定,没有。”其实,不读文章不读提干不读选项,也不是一点方法都没有,比如针对高考的同学你可以统计一下历年高考中那个选项正确的概率最高,你就猜哪一个,至少你正确的概率大于25%。

  那只读文章的一部分和提干就能选择出正确的答案,有什么技巧可言呢?我把它暧昧的叫做“五大常考考点”。那不读文章不读提干只读选项就能选择出正确的答案,抑或不读文章不读提干不读选项就能选择出正确的答案,有什么技巧可言呢?我把它骄傲的称为“十大无赖原则”。今天我给大家讲解的就是可爱的五大常考考点。

第一点:开头结尾常考

在高中阶段,我们常见的文章体裁有三种,分别是记叙文、说明文、议论文。记叙文开头交待文章的时间、地点、人物关系,结尾往往总结出文章的主旨抑或有几句含金量很高的句子,可以作为推断题细节题滋生的天然土壤。说明文开头总写,每段第一句话总写该段段意,最后一段下结论,总结全文。议论文开头引出话题抑或提出论点,最后一段总结论点。从中同学们可以看出,无论是记叙文、说明文、议论文,文章中最重要最帅气的段落,往往是开头结尾,所以对于开头结尾我们一定要认真理解,尤其是文章中的最后一段的最后一句话。

例文:

All were there to explore the ocean depths and to make plans for the use of its resources. Scientists hope to find enough mineral, vegetable, and animal wealth there to provide food for the entire world.

1. The author wants to tell us___.

A. that scientists try to measure the ocean depths

B. that scientists try to make use of resources

C. that the plant and animal life in the ocean remain unknown

D. that scientists try to explore life in the ocean and make use of it

点评:这是一道主旨题,通过文章的最后一段我们可以知道,正确答案是D。这题我我们也可以利用“十大无赖原则”中的综合选项原则,只读选项发现D选项是A、B选项的综合,所以D选项正确的概率比较高。

第二点:因果关系常考

一篇文章中出现because/for/since/so/as a result等表示原因抑或结果的词引导的语句,往往含金量非常高,是出题老师出细节题的最爱。

例文:

Fu’s soup became the talk of the town. Many people came to see him. Once a restaurant owner asked him what was in the soup. “I’ll tell you,” Fu said. “But if your restaurant going to sell the soup you must call it brains because of its shape and colour. And your restaurant should be renamed after my mother. “

1. The food is called brains because

A. it looks like brains B. it has animal brains in it

C. Fu’s mother liked the name D. it makes one clever and live longer

2. Before Fu told the restaurant owner what was in the food, one of the things he demanded was that

A. the restaurant shouldn’t offer any other food

B. the restaurant should use his mother’s name

C. the shape of the food must never be changed

D. the food must be used to help sick people

点评:这同样是一篇文章的最后一段,出现了两道题目,而且第一题可以通过文中because of its shape and colour.选择正确答案A。第二题这有最后一句话after my mother以母之名,可知选择B。

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